10 Cara Melatih Otak Agar Kreatif dan Pintar

Albert Einsten

1. Membiasakan aktif menjadi kidal dan juga kanan

2. Membaca

3. Bermain puzzle atau teka-teki silang

4. Bermain permainan strategi

5. Ubah rutinitas

6. Belajar bahasa asing

7. Menikmati musik

8. Latihan fisik

9. Hidup sosial

10. Mencari hobi baru

10 Aktor Terkaya di Dunia yang Hebat

1. Jerry Seinfeld

Jerry Seinfeld

2. Shah Rukh Khan

Shah Rukh Khan

3. Tom Cruise

Tom Cruise

4. Johnny Deep

Johnny Deep

5. Tom Hanks

Tom Hanks

6. Keanu Reeves

Keanu Reeves

7. Sylvester Stallone

Sylvester Stallone

8. Leonardo Dicaprio

Leonardo Dicaprio

9. Will Smith

Will Smith

10. Salman Khan

Salman Khan

SBMPTN Jakarta Depok mencapai 68.764 Peserta

Panlok (Panitia Lokal) 30 Jakarta, sebanyak 68.764 peserta mengikuti (Seleksi Bersama Masuk Perguruan Tinggi Negeri (SBMPTN). Ujian dibagi dalam 3 ujian, yaitu ujian Sains dan Teknologi, ujian Sosial dan Humaniora dan campuran.

SBMPTN  Jakarta Depok mencapai 68.764 Peserta

Refelly pelaksanaan SBMPTN 2017 Panlok Jakarta dilakukan di 84 tempat yang tersebar di Jakarta dan Depok. "Lokasi ujian SBMPTN Panlok Jakarta bertempat di 75 sekolah dan 9 Perguruan Tinggi yang tersebar di wilayah Jakarta maupun Depok," tuturnya.

"Ujian SBMPTN tahun 2017 Panlok Jakarta diikuti sebanyak 68.764 peserta, terdiri dari 25.995 peserta (ujian Saintek), 35.587 peserta (ujian Soshum) dan 5.467 peserta (ujian Campuran) dan 27 lainnya sebagai peserta ujian SBMPTN berkebutuhan khusus," tulis Humas SBMPTN 2017 Panlok Jakarta, Refelly Dewi Astuti dalam keterangannya, Selasa (16/5/2017).

Ujian SBMPTN tes tulis dilaksanakan mulai pukul 07.00 WIB sampai pukul 14.00 WIB. Refelly menyebutkan bahwa SBMPTN 2017 masih menerapkan 2 metode ujian yaitu Paper Based Test (PBT) dan Computer Based Test (CBT). "Jumlah keseluruhan masing-masing sebanyak 67.049 peserta PBT dan 1.715 peserta CBT," katanya.

Hari pertama SBMPTN pada Selasa (16/5/2017) dilaksanakan Tes Kemampuan Dasar Saintek (TKD Saintek), dilanjutkan dengan Tes Kemampuan dan Potensi Akademik (TKPA) dan Tes Kemampuan Dasar Soshum (TKD Soshum). Lalu di hari berikut ujian Keterampilan bagi peserta yang mengambil program seni dan olahraga.

Source: detik.com

Hoodia News Hoodia California

A multi-million pound race between the worlds biggest food companies is under way to tackle the global obesity epidemic by producing the first clinically-tested "satiety pill". Three conglomerates - the Anglo-Dutch firm Unilever, Frances Danone and Kraft in America - are researching compounds to achieve the hallowed goal of inducing people to eat less by suppressing their appetite.

With 300 million people worldwide rated as overweight or obese, the annual global cost of treatment and economic loss from the epidemic is now £100bn.

Hoodia News Hoodia California

Scientists are increasingly placing their hopes in a range of natural substances which have the effect of duping the brain into "satiety" - the feeling of a full stomach. In the last 12 months, patents have been given appetite-suppressing extracts including Korean pine nuts and chicory roots. But at the head of the race to cash in on the £3bn worldwide market for dietary control products is Hoodia gordonii - a spiny cactus, which takes five years to mature in the Kalahari desert.

Hoodia contains a secret weapon - a compound known as P57 which has been isolated by a British bio-technology company, Phytopharm, and is now at the heart of a £21m research scheme funded by Unilever.

Phytopharm announced last month that it was making good progress in clinical trials of P57. The cucumber-like core of the Hoodia has been used for centuries by indigenous San tribesmen to stave off hunger pangs. They eat it on long hunting trips.

Unilever has struck a deal with the San to pay the tribe a royalty from the sales of any product containing P57 to be used in a social programme.

Phytopharm, which will also receive a royalty on sales of all products containing its Hoodia extract, warned last month that it was talking with authorities to curtail the sale of "Hoodia" products on the internet which claim to cause weight loss. Unilever is working to launch a range of "hunger buster" products based on Hoodia in 2009.

Phytopharm found that the compound closely mimics a natural substance in the body which sends a satiety message to the hypothalamus - the part of the brain that controls appetite.

Trials have shown that those taking P57 can cut their consumption by as much as 1,000 calories per day. The recommended calorie total for an adult man is 2,500 per day and for a woman, 2,000. A Unilever spokesman said: "We dont want to put our name to something that is not backed 100 per cent by the science behind it. We are now satisfied that the product works and has the potential to help with weight management."

The cash and energy being pumped into Unilevers project is mirrored by its rivals. Danone has patented new types of dietary fibre which slow the passage of food through the digestive system, making people feel full for longer. Kraft is working on a special form of starch which resists being broken down by the body, again designed to create the sense that the stomach is full.

But a senior executive with one conglomerate told The Independent: "Satiety has the potential to be one of the biggest earners of the next five years."

Many of the substances, including P57, work by affecting a mechanism in the ileum, part of the lower intestine, where the presence of fat triggers a response of satiety to the brain.

This "ileal brake" is triggered or mimicked by the compounds by disguising the fat molecules until they reach the ileum. In one case, the body is convinced it has consumed 500 calories when in reality it has had just 190.

However, according to Gary Frost, professor of nutrition and dietetics at Surrey University, humans have a "squirreling" instinct which encourages them to eat to excess in preparation for times of food scarcity. "There is a sense that for the company or companies that can isolate a proven appetite suppressant, there is a market waiting that would entail the vast majority of the population," he said. "It is a glittering prize but a controversial one - can you confidently say that one food will halt your desire for another?"

Neville Rigby, spokesman for the International Obesity Task Force, said: "The key to tackling obesity is eating decent food and balancing your calorie intake with the amount of energy you burn. There is no magic bullet."
Source Independent Online

African Plant May Help Fight Fat

(CBS) Each year, people spend more than $40 billion on products designed to help them slim down. None of them seem to be working very well. Now along comes hoodia. Never heard of it? Soon it’ll be tripping off your tongue, because hoodia is a natural substance that literally takes your appetite away.

It’s very different from diet stimulants like Ephedra and Phenfen that are now banned because of dangerous side effects. Hoodia doesn’t stimulate at all. Scientists say it fools the brain by making you think you’re full, even if you’ve eaten just a morsel. Correspondent Lesley Stahl reports.

African Plant May Help Fight Fat

Hoodia is a bitter-tasting cactus-like plant. 60 Minutes was told that if it wanted to try hoodia, it would have to go to Africa. Why? Because the only place in the world where hoodia grows wild is in the Kalahari Desert of South Africa.

Nigel Crawhall, a linguist and interpreter, hired an experienced tracker named Toppies Kruiper, a local aboriginal Bushman, to help find it. The Bushmen were featured in the movie “The Gods Must Be Crazy.”

Kruiper led 60 Minutes crews out into the desert. Stahl asked him if he ate hoodia. “I really like to eat them when the new rains have come,” says Kruiper, speaking through the interpreter. “Then they’re really quite delicious.”

When we located the plant, Kruiper cut off a stalk that looked like a small spiky pickle, and removed the sharp spines. In the interest of science, Stahl ate it. She described the taste as “a little cucumbery in texture, but not bad.”

So how did it work? Stahl says she had no after effects – no funny taste in her mouth, no queasy stomach, and no racing heart. She also wasn’t hungry all day, even when she would normally have a pang around mealtime. And, she also had no desire to eat or drink the entire day. “I’d have to say it did work,” says Stahl.

Although the West is just discovering hoodia, the Bushmen of the Kalahari have been eating it for a very long time. After all, they have been living off the land in southern Africa for more than 100,000 years.

Some of the Bushmen, like Anna Swartz, still live in old traditional huts, and cook so-called Bush food gathered from the desert the old-fashioned way.

The first scientific investigation of the plant was conducted at South Africa’s national laboratory. Because Bushmen were known to eat hoodia, it was included in a study of indigenous foods. “What they found was when they fed it to animals, the animals ate it and lost weight,” says Dr. Richard Dixey, who heads an English pharmaceutical company called Phytopharm that is trying to develop weight-loss products based on hoodia.

Was hoodia’s potential application as an appetite suppressant immediately obvious? “No, it took them a long time. In fact, the original research was done in the mid 1960s,” says Dixey.

It took the South African national laboratory 30 years to isolate and identify the specific appetite-suppressing ingredient in hoodia. When they found it, they applied for a patent and licensed it to Phytopharm.

Phytopharm has spent more than $20 million so far on research, including clinical trials with obese volunteers that have yielded promising results. Subjects given hoodia ended up eating about 1,000 calories a day less than those in the control group. To put that in perspective, the average American man consumes about 2,600 calories a day; a woman about 1,900.

“If you take this compound every day, your wish to eat goes down. And we’ve seen that very, very dramatically,” says Dixey.

But why do you need a patent for a plant? “The patent is on the application of the plant as a weight-loss material. And, of course, the active compounds within the plant. It’s not on the plant itself,” says Dixey.

So no one else can use hoodia for weight loss? “As a weight-management product without infringing the patent, that’s correct,” says Dixey.

But what does that say about all these weight-loss products that claim to have hoodia in it? Trimspa says its X32 pills contain 75 mg of hoodia. The company is pushing its product with an ad campaign featuring Anna Nicole Smith, even though the FDA has notified Trimspa that it hasn’t demonstrated that the product is safe. Some companies have even used the results of Phytopharm’s clinical tests to market their products.

“This is just straightforward theft. That’s what it is. People are stealing data, which they haven’t done, they’ve got no proper understanding of, and sticking on the bottle,” says Dixey. “When we have assayed these materials, they contain between 0.1 and 0.01 percent of the active ingredient claimed. But they use the term hoodia on the bottle, of course, so they—does nothing at all.”

But Dixey isn’t the only one who’s felt ripped off. The Bushmen first heard the news about the patent when Phytopharm put out a press release. Roger Chennells, a lawyer in South Africa who represents the Bushmen, who are also called “the San,” was appalled.

“The San did not even know about it,” says Chennells. “They had given the information that led directly toward the patent.”

The taking of traditional knowledge without compensation is called “bio-piracy.”

“You have said, and I’m going to quote you, ‘that the San felt as if someone had stolen the family silver,’” says Stahl to Chennells. “So what did you do?”

“I wouldn’t want to go into some of the details as to what kind of letters were written or what kind of threats were made,” says Chennells. “We engaged them. They had done something wrong, and we wanted them to acknowledge it.”

Chennells was determined to help the Bushmen who, he says, have been exploited for centuries. First they were pushed aside by black tribes. Then, when white colonists arrived, they were nearly annihilated.

“About the turn of the century, there were still hunting parties in Namibia and in South Africa that allowed farmers to go and kill Bushmen,” says Chennells. “It’s well documented.”

The Bushmen are still stigmatized in South Africa, and plagued with high unemployment, little education, and lots of alcoholism. And now, it seemed they were about to be cut out of a potential windfall from hoodia. So Chennells threatened to sue the national lab on their behalf.

“We knew that if it was successful, many, many millions of dollars would be coming towards the San,” says Chennells. “Many, many millions. They’ve talked about the market being hundreds and hundreds of millions in America.”

In the end, a settlement was reached. The Bushmen will get a percentage of the profits—if there are profits. But that’s a big if.

The future of hoodia is not yet a sure thing. The project hit a major snag last year. Pharmaceutical giant Pfizer, which had teamed up with Phytopharm, and funded much of the research, dropped out when making a pill out of the active ingredient seemed beyond reach.

Dixey says it can be made synthetically: “We’ve made milligrams of it. But it’s very expensive. It’s not possible to make it synthetically in what’s called a scaleable process. So we couldn’t make a metric ton of it or something that is the sort of quantity you’d need to actually start doing something about obesity in thousands of people.”

Phytopharm decided to market hoodia in its natural form, in diet shakes and bars. That meant it needed the hoodia plant itself.

But given the obesity epidemic in the United States, it became obvious that what was needed was a lot of hoodia – much more than was growing in the wild in the Kalahari. And so they came here.
60 Minutes visited one of Phytopharm’s hoodia plantations in South Africa. They’ll need a lot of these plantations to meet the expected demand.

Agronomist Simon MacWilliam has a tall order: grow a billion portions a year of hoodia, within just a couple of years. He admitted that starting up the plantation has been quite a challenge.

“The problem is we’re dealing with a novel crop. It’s a plant we’ve taken out of the wild and we’re starting to grow it,’ says MacWilliam. “So we have no experience. So it’s different— diseases and pests which we have to deal with.”

How confident are they that they will be able to grow enough? “We’re very confident of that,” he says. “We’ve got an expansion program which is going to be 100s of acres. And we’ll be able – ready to meet the demand.

This could be huge, given the obesity epidemic. Phytopharm says it’s about to announce marketing plans that will have meal-replacement hoodia products on supermarket shelves by 2008.

MacWilliam says these products are a slightly different species from the hoodia Stahl tasted in the Kalahari Desert. “It’s actually a lot more bitter than the plant that you tasted,” says MacWilliam.
The advantage is this species of hoodia will grow a lot faster. But more bitter? How bad could it be? Stahl decided to find out. “Not good,” she says.

Phytopharm says that when its product gets to market, it will be certified safe and effective. They also promise that it’ll taste good.
Source: CBSNews.com

African Plant May Aid Dieters Farmers

MARIENTAL, Namibia - When fully grown, the plant resembles something from "The Day of the Triffids": a squat succulent with thick, spiky arms, purple fleshy petals and seedpods like rhino horns. Hoodia gordonii is no beauty, but this humble plant is Africas latest cash crop, priced almost like a narcotic at $40 an ounce.

The plant, which grows wild in the Kalahari Desert of southern Africa, was once used by indigenous tribes to suppress hunger and thirst when hunting. Now its such a darling of the international dieting industry that googling the word calls up millions of responses.

African Plant May Aid Dieters Farmers

The resulting demand is so hot, wild supplies have been severely compromised, smuggling is rife, and farmers in southern Africa are trying to get in on the game."You start doing the sums; its too good to be true. You want to throw your calculator away. Its an impossible phenomenon," hoodia farmer Dougal Bassingthwaighte said.

With international giant Unilever licensed to commercialize hoodia and international demand far outstripping supply, theres a mad race on to get plants to the market.Bassingthwaighte, 65, who is farming hoodia with his son, Kirk, is planting 130,000 seedlings from his nursery, where they begin as tiny green sprouts. In about two years, when he plans to harvest them, each is likely to weigh about 4 pounds. He hopes to have a million plants next year.

But the explosion of interest has not only put enormous pressure on the rare plant -- listed as an endangered species by international treaty -- it also puts intense pressure on an embryonic market that could be a boon for Africans if it could grow at a natural and sustainable pace.

Sadly, the craze for hoodia brings out the worst in people. Tiny as it is, the industry is rife with fierce competitive secrecy, quack products and illegal harvesting.

Next, authorities in crime-ridden South Africa fear, comes the inevitable interest of organized gangsters.Whether hoodia works as a diet aid has not been scientifically proven. Pills and capsules claiming to contain hoodia are widely available in the United States online and at stores which sell herbal supplements.

Such products are largely exempt from U.S. government regulations which require drugs to be tested for safety and effectiveness before being sold.

Chevrolets New Environmental Labels Germinate a Good Idea But Dont go far Enough

Consumers are well aware of fuel economy and concerned about tailpipe pollution. But its much harder to get information on the whole lifecycle environmental impact of cars: how much energy it takes to produce a car, the pollution generated, and recyclability. Now Chevrolet is taking a step toward making this information more readily available. 

Starting with the 2012 Sonic, Chevrolet will begin putting what it is calling EcoLogic labels on the windows of all its models.

Chevrolets New Environmental Labels Germinate a Good Idea But Dont go far Enough

So far the label is more self-serving and less useful than it could be, listing some minor fuel-saving features on the car, such as variable-valve timing (which other automakers have had for about 20 years) and electric power steering (not exactly uncommon these days). What it doesnt highlight is whats left out, such as the makeup of the paint used to spray the car.

This label also lists the estimated percentage of the cars content that is recyclable (85 percent) and special processes at the factory that reduce its environmental footprint. In this case, the Sonics engine and transmission are built in a landfill-free facility, and the final assembly factory is cooled and heated 20 percent by landfill gas. (Some other automakers, such as Subarus Indiana plant, produce all their cars at 100-percent landfill-free facilities.)

Most cars today are highly recyclable. The bigger question may be, how much of cars are actually recycled?

To be more meaningful, the label would have to be tied to industry standards that could, for example, rate the cars and the factorys environmental qualifications against its peers. Still, as long as consumers view it with a critical eye on Chevrolets marketing claims, it seems like the label could be a good first step toward developing such standards to make all cars lifecycle environmental costs more transparent.

Already, the revised EPA window stickers now used on all new cars contain much more information than in years past, further empowering consumers to make informed decisions.

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