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Pengertian istilah dan contoh istilah

Sudah terlalu sering kita mendengar dan menggunakan kata istilah. Tiap bidang ilmu memiliki istilah-istilah khusus. Biologi memiliki berbagai istilah yang secara khusus hanya kita temukan pada bidang ilmu itu. Matematika memiliki istilah-istilah khusus untuknya dan begitu juga pertanian. Bidang-bidang kehidupan atau kemasyarakatan pun memiliki istilah-istilah khusus.

Bidang peradioan, pertelevisian, perfilman, kelautan, kedirgantaraan dan sebagainya. Lihat contoh-contoh istilah di artikel Istilah bidang peradioan

Apa sebenarnya yang dimaksud istilah?
Buku Pedoman Umum Pembentukan Istilah memberikan definisi istilah adalah sebagai berikut :

"Istilah ialah kata atau gabungan kata yang dengan cermat mengungkapkan makna konsep, proses, keadaan, atau sifat khas dalam bidang tertentu".

Dari definisi di atas kita mendapatkan penjelasan bahwa istilah dapat berupa kata atau gabungan kata. Yang berupa kata misalnya: fonem, morfem, daya, suhu, partikel, radiasi, inflasi, larutan, himpunan, dll. Yang berupa gabungan kata misalnya : hak pilih, hak milik, daya kuda, tenaga listrik, pintu air, tiang pancang, rumah pompa, kerja sama, anggaran berimbang, mata anggaran dsb.

Untuk mencari makna ungkapan kita dapat menggunakan kamus ungkapan. Untuk mencari makna suatu istilah kita juga dapat menggunakan kamus. Bukan kamus umum, melainkan kamus istilah.

Di perpustakaan sekolah kiranya anda dapat menemukan kamus istilah semacam itu. Ada kamus istilah ekonomi, kimia, kedokteran politik dan sebagainya.

1. Contoh istilah biologi : abiotik, amputasi, anatomi, antioksidan, asimilasi, aorta, benangsari, ekosistem, embrio, empat sehat lima sempurna, genetika, hermaprodit, insekta, komplikasi, kornea mata, penyerbukan silang, sporadis, transplantasi, umbi batang, vaksin.

2. Contoh istilah matematika : akar, aritmatika, bidang datar, diagram, grafik, faktor, harga, hasil kali, implikasi, integral, interval, koordinat, media, perbandingan seharga, persamaan, pertidaksamaan, satuan, segi empat, sinus, variabel.

3. Contoh istilah pertanian : gabah kering, hama wereng, huma, irigasi, lele dumbo, lumbung desa, masa panen, masa tanam, motorisasi perahu nelayan, mengolah sawah, petani penggarap, pasca panen, pupuk kandang, puso, pupuk hijau, sawah tadah hujan, tambak, tanah garapan, waduk, warung hidup.
Artikel terkait lainya : Istilah JNE atau Kode pengiriman JNE terbaru 

Demikian informasi online yang dapat kami sampaikan mengenai Pengertian istilah dan contoh istilah, semoga memberikan tambahan pengetahuan.

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How to Get a Good Education in the Accredited Online Colleges and Universities When a student decides to continue his or her education, then everything changes and becomes very complicated. It is the time when a student must be sure in his choice of profession and be careful in searching of the future higher educational establishment. All the procedures which are connected with education are very complicated and difficult. Some time ago it was almost impossible to find proper higher educational establishment. The reason lies in the fact that there was no time to find it as students were to run from one college to another and from one university to another in order to be applied to the institution. And it was a great success if you took the program which you wanted. But the world doesn't stay and it moves further. With the invention of high electronic devices the search and application to the higher educational establishment has become more convenient. Nowadays there are a lot of online institutions which can give a proper education. These accredited online colleges and universities can provide different degrees in different fields. And after finishing such higher educational establishments you can be sure that you will get a good education and a good job in future. Some years ago high school graduates and those people who worked but they needed a degree, were able to obtain the degree in two traditional ways. They could achieve their associate's, bachelors or master's degrees by attending the traditional full-time courses in the colleges or in the universities. They also had an opportunity to obtain the degree by taking the program in distance education courses by post or by mail. These kinds of education have a lot of advantages and disadvantages. The advantage is that the education obtained in the college or university by taking the traditional courses gives the one hundred percent proper education which is appreciated by employers. But on the other hand these programs require a lot of time and efforts. Besides a lot of students don't manage to do all the assignments and tasks. In such cases the majority of students stop their education. They also often quit because they don't have enough resources to pay for their education or they don't have ability to take the program which they want in a college or university near their home. But with the invention and introduction of different accredited online higher educational establishments it has become much more convenient and available to start and finish the education. In the last few years the majority of students begin to demand the online degree programs. As the result in last decade the number of students who would like to obtain the degree through the accelerated online colleges or universities has increased from some thousands in 1994-1995 to more than 120,000 in 2003. This huge number indicates the convenience and ease of the online degree programs in the accredited online colleges and universities. The information of the government states the fact that in the middle 90s there were only 84 accredited online universities in the United States. But this number increased to 1200 accredited online universities which provide different online degree programs. Nowadays there are a lot of different online programs in different fields and they are available for all students who would like to get a degree by the online degree programs. The greatest advantage of the online degree programs is that the students can take not only one program. If the person has an opportunity to pay great attention to studies, then he or she can take more than one program and study simultaneously by two or more programs. Another great advantage of the online degree program is that that the person can retrench a lot of money. The sum of money which is paid for the study by the online degree program in most cases covers everything from course material to online coaching and examination fees. When a person is getting his or her degree by the online degree program, then he or she studies at home sitting at the computer which has a connection to the Internet. In this case a lot of money is saved as he or she doesn't need to expend money on the way to the university or college. Besides the online degree programs provide a student with the flexible schedule. This gives students an opportunity to study in any time in which they wish or can study. 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This article provides potential students with the information about accredited online higher educational establishments. Here you can find a lot of facts which describe the advantages and disadvantages of the online degree programs and the accredited online colleges and universities. This information can suggest you on the idea how to manage to do your future life successful. If you are very busy and you don't have time to study by the full-time courses in the traditional universities or colleges, if you have a job and you need to obtain a higher degree, if you have a family and children but you want to get a good education or if you just want to study in comfortable conditions, then the online degree program which is provided by the accredited online colleges or universities is the right choice for you. This is the opportunity to get a proper education and then to get a good job. While studying by the online degree program you can do a lot of things simultaneously with studies. So if you understand that this program is the best choice for you, then your aim is to find a proper accredited online college or university and start your education.

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