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Jenis Tembang Jawa lan Tuladhane

Jenis Tembang Jawa lan Tuladhane. Didalam tembang Jawa terdapat berbagai macam tembang. Tembang-tembang ini mempunyai karakteristik sendiri-sendiri. Contoh yang paling dikenal oleh masyarakat luas adalah tembang macapat. Disini akan dijabarkan mengenai pembagian tembang jawa beserta dengan contohnya.

Tembang Jawa ana telung warna:
a. tembang macapat
b. tembang tengahan
c. tembang gedhe

1. Tembang Macapat
Tembang macapat ana 11 pupuh, yaiku:
a. asmaradana
b. dhandhang gula
c. durma
d. gambuh
e. kinanti
f. maskumambang
g. megatruh
h. mijil
i. pangkur
j pocung
k. sinom

Ciri-ciri tembang macapat:
1. kaiket dening guru lagu, guru wilangan, lan guru gatra
2. basa kang dinggo basa jawa kuno
3. isine ngenani pitutur/nasehat, dongeng, lan crita wayang

Ing tembang jawa, saben sak baris diarani sak gatra.
- dhandhang gula ana 10 gatra (baris)
- kinanti ana 6 gatra
- pangkur ana 7 gatra
- gambuh ana 5 gatra
- megatruh ana 5 gatra
- sinom ana 9 gatra

Guru wilangan yaiku akehing kecap (ucap) utawa suku tembung saben sa gatra (baris)

Guru lagu yaiku aksara urip (vokal) ing pungkasaning gatra (baris)

Tuladha:
Kinanthi
Anoman malumpat sampun  (guru wilangan 8 wanda, guru lagu u)
Prapteng witing nagasari  (guru wilangan 8 wanda, guru lagu i)
Mulat maringandhap katingal  (guru wilangan 8 wanda, guru lagu a)
Wanodya yu kuru aking  (guru wilangan 8 wanda, guru lagu i)
Gelung rusak wor lan kisma  (guru wilangan 8 wanda, guru lagu a)
kang iga-iga kaeksi  (guru wilangaan 8 wanda, guru lagu i)

Dhandhang Gula
Dhuh kusuma ingkang milangoni (10/i)
Buron arum ingkang sobeng warna (10/a)
Yen panggih sun arasane (8/e)
Sumber gung ngisor gunung (7/e)
Wreksa langking sisaning agni (9/i)
Sun sandhang pinarenga nedya amemanuh (13/u)
Wit saking tresnaning mana (8/a)
Surya ratri wong kuning sun kawulani (12/i)
Sun adhep saben dina (7/a)

Sinom
Sun iki dhutaning nata (8/a)
Prabu kenya Majapahit (8/i)
Kekasih Damar Sasangka (8/a)
Atma mantune ki patih (8/i)
Magang anyar awak mami (8/i)
Lahta bisma praptaningsun (8/u)
Ingutus Sang Narpendah (7/a)
Kinen mocok murdantaji (8/i)
marmaningsun ingutus ywa mindho karya (12/a)

Gambuh
Sekar gambuh ping catur (7/u)
kang cinatur polah kang kalantur (10/u)
tanpa tutur katula-tula katali (12/i)
kadulu warsa kapaluh (8/u)
katutuh pan dadi awon (8/o)

Pangkur
Mingkar-mingkure angkara (8/a)
Angkarana karenan mardi siwi (11/i)
Sinawung resmining kidung (8/u)
Sinuba sinukarta (7/a)
Mrih ketata pakartining ngelmu luhung (12/u)
Kang tumrap neng tanah Jawa (8/a)
Agama ageming aji (8/i)
(Wedhatama, KGPAA Mangkunagara IV)

Pocung
Basa ngelmu, mupangate lan panemu
Pasahe lan tapa
Yen satria tanah jawi
Kuna-kuna kang ginilut tri prakara
Lila lamun, kelangan noragegetun
Nrima yen kataman
Sak serik sameng dumadi
Tri legawa nalangsa srah ing bathara.

Bathara gung ing nguger jroning jejantung
Jenek hyang wisesa
Sana pasenedan suci
Nora kaya si mudha mudhar angkara.

Maskumambang
Gereng-gereng Gathotkaca sru anangis
Sambaté mlas arsa
Luhnya marawayan mili
Gung tinamĂȘng astanira

Mijil
Jalak uren mawurahan sami, (10/i)
Samadya andon woh, (6/o)
Amuwuhi malad wiyadine, (10/e)
Ana manuk mamatuk sasari, (10/i)
Angsoka sulastri, (6/i)
Ruru karya gandrung. (6/u)
(Haji Pamasa, Ranggawarsita)

Durma
Damarwulan aja ngucireng ngayuda, (12/a)
Baliya sun anteni, (7/i)
Mangsa sun mundura, (6/a)
Lah Bisma den prayitna, (7/a)
Katiban pusaka mami, (8/i)
Mara tibakna, (5/a)
Curiganira nuli. (7/i)
(Langendriyan)

2. Tembang Tengahan
Tembang tengahan kaperang dadi 4, yaiku:
a. balabak
b. girisa
c. jurudemung
d. wirangrong

3. Tembang Gedhe
Tembang gedhe kaperang dadi 4, yaiku:
a. citramengeng
b. kusumastuti
c. mintajiwa
d. pamularsih

Ciri-ciri tembang gedhe :
1. saben bait kaperang saka 4 gatra atau 4 wanda pada pala (pala lingsa).
2. rong (2) gatra atau rong (2) pada kasebut sak (1)  pada dirga.
3. patang (4) gatra kasebut uga 2 pada dirge atau sapa deswara utawa siji (1) pada iswara.
4. saben -saben pala utawa gatra jumlahe sak ukara iku pada, biasane kasebut laku utawa lampah.

Tembang gedhe iku luwih asring dinggo ana ing pagelaran wayang kulit.
How to Get a Good Education in the Accredited Online Colleges and Universities When a student decides to continue his or her education, then everything changes and becomes very complicated. It is the time when a student must be sure in his choice of profession and be careful in searching of the future higher educational establishment. All the procedures which are connected with education are very complicated and difficult. Some time ago it was almost impossible to find proper higher educational establishment. The reason lies in the fact that there was no time to find it as students were to run from one college to another and from one university to another in order to be applied to the institution. And it was a great success if you took the program which you wanted. But the world doesn't stay and it moves further. With the invention of high electronic devices the search and application to the higher educational establishment has become more convenient. Nowadays there are a lot of online institutions which can give a proper education. These accredited online colleges and universities can provide different degrees in different fields. And after finishing such higher educational establishments you can be sure that you will get a good education and a good job in future. Some years ago high school graduates and those people who worked but they needed a degree, were able to obtain the degree in two traditional ways. They could achieve their associate's, bachelors or master's degrees by attending the traditional full-time courses in the colleges or in the universities. They also had an opportunity to obtain the degree by taking the program in distance education courses by post or by mail. These kinds of education have a lot of advantages and disadvantages. The advantage is that the education obtained in the college or university by taking the traditional courses gives the one hundred percent proper education which is appreciated by employers. But on the other hand these programs require a lot of time and efforts. Besides a lot of students don't manage to do all the assignments and tasks. In such cases the majority of students stop their education. They also often quit because they don't have enough resources to pay for their education or they don't have ability to take the program which they want in a college or university near their home. But with the invention and introduction of different accredited online higher educational establishments it has become much more convenient and available to start and finish the education. In the last few years the majority of students begin to demand the online degree programs. As the result in last decade the number of students who would like to obtain the degree through the accelerated online colleges or universities has increased from some thousands in 1994-1995 to more than 120,000 in 2003. This huge number indicates the convenience and ease of the online degree programs in the accredited online colleges and universities. The information of the government states the fact that in the middle 90s there were only 84 accredited online universities in the United States. But this number increased to 1200 accredited online universities which provide different online degree programs. Nowadays there are a lot of different online programs in different fields and they are available for all students who would like to get a degree by the online degree programs. The greatest advantage of the online degree programs is that the students can take not only one program. If the person has an opportunity to pay great attention to studies, then he or she can take more than one program and study simultaneously by two or more programs. Another great advantage of the online degree program is that that the person can retrench a lot of money. The sum of money which is paid for the study by the online degree program in most cases covers everything from course material to online coaching and examination fees. When a person is getting his or her degree by the online degree program, then he or she studies at home sitting at the computer which has a connection to the Internet. In this case a lot of money is saved as he or she doesn't need to expend money on the way to the university or college. Besides the online degree programs provide a student with the flexible schedule. This gives students an opportunity to study in any time in which they wish or can study. These programs are very convenient for people who are lack of time or abilities to study by taking the full-time courses. They provide a person with the opportunity to choose the time when he or she can pay attention to studies. With the involvement and the development of the internet, the searching of the online degree programs has become easier. Nowadays the number of the accredited online colleges and universities, which provide students with the online degree programs, increased and people can find the online higher educational establishment in almost all corners of the world. As the result of the contribution of such establishments, a lot of people try to take the online degree program, and this leads to the displacement of the traditional education. Nowadays more and more traditional higher educational establishments have become empty and have lost their prestige. This article provides potential students with the information about accredited online higher educational establishments. Here you can find a lot of facts which describe the advantages and disadvantages of the online degree programs and the accredited online colleges and universities. This information can suggest you on the idea how to manage to do your future life successful. If you are very busy and you don't have time to study by the full-time courses in the traditional universities or colleges, if you have a job and you need to obtain a higher degree, if you have a family and children but you want to get a good education or if you just want to study in comfortable conditions, then the online degree program which is provided by the accredited online colleges or universities is the right choice for you. This is the opportunity to get a proper education and then to get a good job. While studying by the online degree program you can do a lot of things simultaneously with studies. So if you understand that this program is the best choice for you, then your aim is to find a proper accredited online college or university and start your education.

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