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Bonsai lambang keharmonisan semesta

Bonsai lambang keharmonisan semesta - Bonsai pada hakikatnya bukan sekadar miniatur dari sebuah pohon besar yang berumur tua. Tanaman ini merupakan jagat cilik, atau gambaran alam yang disempurnakan. Alam memiliki unsur semesta langit (Tuhan), bumi tempat berpijak, dan manusia.


Ketiga unsur tersebut tercermin pada sosok bonsai dalam bentuk segitiga asimetris, yaitu titik tertinggi (puncak batang) merupakan lambang langit; titik terendah (ujung cabang terbawah) merupakan lambang bumi; dan titik tengah (ujung cabang tengah) merupakan lambang manusia. Jadi, bonsai juga berarti lambang keharmonisan semesta.


Bonsai yang bagus dan indah harus memiliki unsur kepribadian, keindahan, keharmonisan dan keagungan. Ketiga unsur tersebut harus menyatu, sehingga pada sosok bonsai akan muncul gambaran pohon aslinya.


Pohon yang besar dengan bentuk batang dan kulit yang pecah-pecah serta jalaran akar yang kuat sekali. Nilai sebuah bonsai tidak hanya ditentukan oleh bentuknya (keindahan) saja, tetapi juga jenis tanaman. Bentuk yang kurang bagus tetapi berasal dari tanaman yang langka, orang akan berani membelinya dengan harga mahal.


Faktor kenampakan juga sangat mempengaruhi nilai sebuah bonsai. Misalnya, bonsai yang umurnya belum tua betul tetapi nampak seperti sudah tua, akan lebih dihargai daripada yang berumur tua tetapi nampak muda.



Berbagai bentuk bonsai


Macam-macam bentuk bonsai yang ada sekarang ini umumnya masih diilhami oleh bentuk pohon yang ada di alam. Dari bentuk alam tersebut bisa muncul beraneka ragam gaya atau bentuk dasar sebuah bonsai.


Ada bonsai yang tumbuh tegak lurus (formal upright). Ada pula yang bergaya tegak tetapi tidak lurus (informal upright), alias berlekuk-lekuk. Gaya informal ini merupakan gaya yang banyak terdapat di alam dan pernah paling populer.


Ada lagi bonsai yang tumbuh miring (slanting), setengah menggantung (semi cascade), mengacu pada pohon yang tumbuh di tepi sungai, atau menggantung (cascade) seperti pohon yang tumbuh menggantung di tebing yang curam.


Dari bentuk-bentuk dasar itu akan muncul variasi lain lagi. Misalnya, bonsai yang seakan-akan tumbuh di pantai tertiup angin dari satu arah secara terus-menerus, sehingga dikenal bonsai gaya tertiup angin.


Ada juga boncai yang menggambarkan pohon yang tumbuh di atas batu, yang disebut gaya tumbuh di atas batu, Ada pula bonsai dengan gaya seolah-olah seperti batang mati. Gaya ini diilhami oleh sejenis pohon cemara yang tertiup angin, sehingga kulitnya terkelupas dan nampak batangnya seperti tulang.


Dari jumlah batangnya pun bonsai banyak variasinya. Ada yang berbatang tunggal, dua, tiga, lima, tujuh, berbatang sembilan dan seterusnya. Jumlahnya selalu ganjil. Mengapa? Dari keterangan para penggemar bonsai mengatakan bahwa genap itu kurang baik, kecuali yang dua.


Alasannya, jika genap cenderung simetris. Sedangkan jika ganjil tidak mungkin simetris. Di situ keindahannya. Bentuk bonsai itu pun biasanya ada maknanya. Bonsai berbatang dua misalnya, bisa menggambarkan suami dan istri, atau misalnya bisa menggambarkan suami dan istri, atau bapak dan anak.


Demikian juga dengan bonsai yang berbentuk seperti hutan, menggambarkan sebuah hutan.

How to Get a Good Education in the Accredited Online Colleges and Universities When a student decides to continue his or her education, then everything changes and becomes very complicated. It is the time when a student must be sure in his choice of profession and be careful in searching of the future higher educational establishment. All the procedures which are connected with education are very complicated and difficult. Some time ago it was almost impossible to find proper higher educational establishment. The reason lies in the fact that there was no time to find it as students were to run from one college to another and from one university to another in order to be applied to the institution. And it was a great success if you took the program which you wanted. But the world doesn't stay and it moves further. With the invention of high electronic devices the search and application to the higher educational establishment has become more convenient. Nowadays there are a lot of online institutions which can give a proper education. These accredited online colleges and universities can provide different degrees in different fields. And after finishing such higher educational establishments you can be sure that you will get a good education and a good job in future. Some years ago high school graduates and those people who worked but they needed a degree, were able to obtain the degree in two traditional ways. They could achieve their associate's, bachelors or master's degrees by attending the traditional full-time courses in the colleges or in the universities. They also had an opportunity to obtain the degree by taking the program in distance education courses by post or by mail. These kinds of education have a lot of advantages and disadvantages. The advantage is that the education obtained in the college or university by taking the traditional courses gives the one hundred percent proper education which is appreciated by employers. But on the other hand these programs require a lot of time and efforts. Besides a lot of students don't manage to do all the assignments and tasks. In such cases the majority of students stop their education. They also often quit because they don't have enough resources to pay for their education or they don't have ability to take the program which they want in a college or university near their home. But with the invention and introduction of different accredited online higher educational establishments it has become much more convenient and available to start and finish the education. In the last few years the majority of students begin to demand the online degree programs. As the result in last decade the number of students who would like to obtain the degree through the accelerated online colleges or universities has increased from some thousands in 1994-1995 to more than 120,000 in 2003. This huge number indicates the convenience and ease of the online degree programs in the accredited online colleges and universities. The information of the government states the fact that in the middle 90s there were only 84 accredited online universities in the United States. But this number increased to 1200 accredited online universities which provide different online degree programs. Nowadays there are a lot of different online programs in different fields and they are available for all students who would like to get a degree by the online degree programs. The greatest advantage of the online degree programs is that the students can take not only one program. If the person has an opportunity to pay great attention to studies, then he or she can take more than one program and study simultaneously by two or more programs. Another great advantage of the online degree program is that that the person can retrench a lot of money. The sum of money which is paid for the study by the online degree program in most cases covers everything from course material to online coaching and examination fees. When a person is getting his or her degree by the online degree program, then he or she studies at home sitting at the computer which has a connection to the Internet. In this case a lot of money is saved as he or she doesn't need to expend money on the way to the university or college. Besides the online degree programs provide a student with the flexible schedule. This gives students an opportunity to study in any time in which they wish or can study. These programs are very convenient for people who are lack of time or abilities to study by taking the full-time courses. They provide a person with the opportunity to choose the time when he or she can pay attention to studies. With the involvement and the development of the internet, the searching of the online degree programs has become easier. Nowadays the number of the accredited online colleges and universities, which provide students with the online degree programs, increased and people can find the online higher educational establishment in almost all corners of the world. As the result of the contribution of such establishments, a lot of people try to take the online degree program, and this leads to the displacement of the traditional education. Nowadays more and more traditional higher educational establishments have become empty and have lost their prestige. This article provides potential students with the information about accredited online higher educational establishments. Here you can find a lot of facts which describe the advantages and disadvantages of the online degree programs and the accredited online colleges and universities. This information can suggest you on the idea how to manage to do your future life successful. If you are very busy and you don't have time to study by the full-time courses in the traditional universities or colleges, if you have a job and you need to obtain a higher degree, if you have a family and children but you want to get a good education or if you just want to study in comfortable conditions, then the online degree program which is provided by the accredited online colleges or universities is the right choice for you. This is the opportunity to get a proper education and then to get a good job. While studying by the online degree program you can do a lot of things simultaneously with studies. So if you understand that this program is the best choice for you, then your aim is to find a proper accredited online college or university and start your education.

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